Hybrid seed production of chili

Hybrid seed production of chili in Bangladesh involves careful selection of parental lines based on desirable traits, followed by isolation to prevent cross-pollination. Emasculation of the female parental flowers is performed to remove male reproductive organs, enabling controlled pollination with pollen from the selected male parent. The pollinated flowers are then bagged to ensure isolation and avoid contamination. After seed development and fruit maturity, the ripe fruits are harvested, and the seeds are extracted, dried, and cleaned. Quality testing is conducted to assess germination rate and purity before packaging and marketing the hybrid chili seeds to farmers and distributors.